A style of decoration and architecture of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, named in French, meaning "the new art". It is predominantly characterized by the depiction of leaves and flowers in undulating lines, often flowing vines. The roots of Art Nouveau go back to Romanticism, Symbolism, the English Arts and Crafts Movement. Art Nouveau is also known as Jugenstil and Yellow Book Style. Gustav Klimt, Alphonse Mucha, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and Hector Guimard were among the most prominent artists associated with this style.
A painting, printmaking, decorative
design, and architectural style developed in England
in the 1880s. Art Nouveau, primarily an ornamental
style, was not only a protest against the sterile
Realism, but against the whole drift toward
industrialization and mechanization and the unnatural
artifacts they produced. The style is characterized by
the usage of sinuous, graceful, cursive lines,
interlaced patterns, flowers, plants, insects and other
motifs inspired by nature.