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Definition of Van deemter equation

Van deemter equation Definition from Science & Technology Dictionaries & Glossaries
Glossary of liquid chromatographic terms
An equation used to explain band broadening in chromatography. The equation represents the height equivalent of a theoretical plate and has three terms. The A-term is used to describe eddy diffusion, which allows for the different paths a solute may follow when passing over particles of different sizes. The B-term is for the contribution caused by molecular diffusion or longitudinal diffusion of the solute while passing through the column. The C term is the contribution of mass transfer and allows for the finite rate of transfer of the solute between the stationary phase and mobile phase. h = A + B/v + Cv.
Van deemter equation Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia
The Van Deemter equation in chromatography relates the variance per unit length of a separation column to the linear mobile phase velocity by considering physical, kinetic, and thermodynamic properties of a separation. These properties include pathways within the column, diffusion (axial and longitudinal), and mass transfer kinetics between stationary and mobile phases. In liquid chromatography, the mobile phase velocity is taken as the exit velocity, that is, the ratio of the flow rate in ml/second to the cross-sectional area of the ‘column-exit flow path.’ For a packed column, the cross-sectional area of the column exit flow path is usually taken as 0.6 times the cross-sectional area of the column. Alternatively, the linear velocity can be taken as the ratio of the column length to the dead time. If the mobile phase is a gas, then the pressure correction must be applied. The variance per unit length of the column is taken as the ratio of the column length to the column efficiency in theoretical plates. The Van Deemter equation is a hyperbolic function that predicts that there is an optimum velocity at which there will be the minimum variance per unit column length and, thence, a maximum efficiency. The Van Deemter equation was the result of the first application of rate theory to the chromatography elution process.

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