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The Turkish-Speaking World

The Turkish language is primarily spoken in Turkey, but has many communities worldwide of speakers who elegantly and stubbornly strive to maintain the roots of their origins. Here is a complete list of countries and communities around the world where you could hear the sounds and linguistic patterns of the Turkish language:


Country Languages (%)
Austria German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)
Bulgaria Bulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
Cyprus Greek, Turkish, English
Iran Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
Iraq Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian
Kosovo Albanian (official), Serbian (official), Bosnian, Turkish, Roma
Macedonia Macedonian 66.5%, Albanian 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)
Moldova Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Turkey Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

Source: CIA – The World Factbook