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Definition of Theodicy

Babylon English

philosophic science of God
Theodicy Definition from Arts & Humanities Dictionaries & Glossaries
Theological and Philosophical Biography and Dictionary
Epicurus said, either God would remove evil out of this world, and cannot; or He can, and will not; or He has not the power nor will; or He has both the power and will. If He has the will and not the power, this shows weakness which is contrary to the nature of God. If He has the power but not the will, this is malignity and thus contrary to His nature. If He is neither willing nor able, He is both impotent and malignant and thus cannot be God. If He is both willing and able (which is consistent with the nature of God), where does evil come from and why doesn't He prevent it? Possible answers: Evil is the result of man's wickedness (but what about non-human evils: plagues, floods; or suffering innocent children?). Good can come of evil (but doesn't evil breed more evil?). Evil brings good in the long run (but men must live in the short run). Evil is a moral exercise (but why do innocent people need the exercise). Evil is undesirable but an unavoidable aspect of the best of possible worlds (but isn't God the one responsible for the design of the world?). What we call evil is not really evil but good (but if everything is good and we think it is evil, isn't that error an evil in itself?) Evil is necessary to highlight the good (but isn't good able to recommend itself?).
Theodicy Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
That department of philosophy which treats of the being, perfections, and government of God, and the immortality of the soul.
A vindication of the justice of God in ordaining or permitting natural and moral evil.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About
hEnglish - advanced version

\the*od"i*cy\ (?), n. [nl. theodic?a, fr. gr. &?; god + &?; right, justice: cf. f. théodicée.]
1. a vindication of the justice of god in ordaining or permitting natural and moral evil.
2. that department of philosophy which treats of the being, perfections, and government of god, and the immortality of the soul. --krauth-fleming.
n : the branch of theology that defends god's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil

WordNet 2.0

1. the branch of theology that defends God's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil
(hypernym) theology, divinity
Theodicy Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia
Theodicy , in its most common form, attempts to answer the question why a good God permits the manifestation of evil. Theodicy addresses the evidential problem of evil by attempting “to make the existence of an All-knowing, All-powerful and All-good or omnibenevolent God consistent with the existence of evil” or suffering in the world. Unlike a defence, which tries to demonstrate that God's existence is logically possible in the light of evil, a theodicy provides a framework which claims to make God's existence probable. The German mathematician and philosopher Gottfried Leibniz coined the term "theodicy" in 1710 in his work Théodicée, though various responses to the problem of evil had been previously proposed. The British philosopher John Hick traced the history of moral theodicy in his 1966 work, Evil and the God of Love, identifying three major traditions:
  1. the Plotinian theodicy, named after Plotinus
  2. the Augustinian theodicy, which Hick based on the writings of Augustine of Hippo
  3. the Irenaean theodicy, which Hick developed, based on the thinking of St. Irenaeus

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Theodicy Definition from Religion & Spirituality Dictionaries & Glossaries
Theodice, Theodicy [coined from Greek theos god + dike justice] A vindication of divine justice; a system or method of intellectual theorizing about the nature of so-called divine justice, having in view vindication of the justice and holiness of God, in connection with evil. Ancient philosophers all taught that the heart of things was divine harmony and that whatever evil, distortion, and obliquity might exist in the world is ultimately traceable back to the imperfect intelligence of evolving beings, who by their manifold conflicts of thought and will thus produce disharmony, relative confusion, and hence evil, in the scheme of things. This view was replaced during Christian ages by the attempt of many writers to rescue the reputation of the Christian God, who on the one hand is said to be the creator of everything and who yet is supposed to be the fountain of love, mercy, harmony, and goodness. In view of the evils and suffering in the world, such Christian attempts have been futile, for it is obvious that if God is the creator of all that is, He must have been either directly or indirectly the creator of all the disharmony, wickedness, and misery in the world, as was indeed alleged by many Jewish rabbis, following statements in the Hebrew scriptures. But this thought has been denied by Christians who refuse to accept their God of love and justice as the creator of evil, and thus they had recourse to the Devil, who himself must have been created by their omniscient God.