Definition of Latent variable
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Latent variable Definition from Science & Technology Dictionaries & Glossaries
Electronic Statistics Textbook
A latent variable is a variable that cannot be measured directly, but is hypothesized to underlie the observed variables. An example of a latent variable is a factor in factor analysis. Latent variables in path diagrams are usually represented by a variable name enclosed in an oval or circle.
Latent variable Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia
In statistics, latent variables (from Latin: present participle of lateo (“lie hidden”), as opposed to observable variables), are variables that are not directly observed but are rather inferred (through a mathematical model) from other variables that are observed (directly measured). Mathematical models that aim to explain observed variables in terms of latent variables are called latent variable models. Latent variable models are used in many disciplines, including psychology, economics, medicine, physics, machine learning/artificial intelligence, bioinformatics, natural language processing, econometrics, management and the social sciences.
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