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Definition of Fifth amendment

Babylon English

amendment to the U.S. Constitution (includes the right to due process, right to avoid self-incrimination, right to a grand jury hearing, and forbids double jeopardy)
Fifth amendment Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries
WordNet 2.0

1. an amendment to the Constitution of the United States that imposes restrictions on the government's prosecution of persons accused of crimes; mandates due process of law and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy; requires just compensation if private property is taken for public use
(hypernym) amendment
(part-holonym) Bill of Rights
(classification) law, jurisprudence
Fifth amendment Definition from Law Dictionaries & Glossaries
The 'Lectric Law Library
'No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb, nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.'

The Fifth Amendment 'can be asserted in any proceeding, civil or criminal, administrative or judicial, investigatory or adjudicatory; and it protects against any disclosures which the witness reasonably believes could be used in a criminal prosecution or could lead to other evidence that might be so used.' Kastigar v. U.S., 406 U.S. 441, 44-45 ('72). A reasonable belief that information concerning income or assets might be used to establish criminal failure to file a tax return can support a claim of Fifth Amendment privilege. See U.S. v. Rendahl, 746 F.2d 553, 55-56 (9th Cir.'84).

The only way the Fifth Amendment can be asserted as to testimony is on a question-by-question basis. Rendahl, 746 F.2d at 555, citing with approval U.S. v. Bell, 448 F.2d 40, 42 (9th Cir.'71) (Fifth Amendment challenge premature on appeal from enforcement order; appellant must present himself for questioning after enforcement and as to each question elect to raise or not to raise the defense).

The appropriate device for compelling answers to incriminating questions is a government grant of use immunity. See Sharp, 920 F.2d at 1172.
Courtesy of the 'Lectric Law Library. Legal Dictionary
A US Constitution article which provides fundamental rights in regards to legal process such as the immunity in regards to self incrimination. - (read more on Fifth Amendment)
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Fifth amendment Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia
Fifth Amendment may refer to:
  • Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, part of the Bill of Rights, which protects against the abuse of government authority in legal proceedings
  • Fifth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland, a referendum related to the Roman Catholic Church and other religious denominations
  • Australian referendum, 1967 (Aboriginals), the fifth amendment to the Constitution of Australia, regarding the constitutional position of Indigenous Australians
  • Fifth Amendment of the Constitution of South Africa, which made technical changes relating to the election of the National Assembly and the structure of the Financial and Fiscal Commission
  • Fifth Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan

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