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Definition of Catastrophe

Babylon English

disaster, calamity, cataclysm; fiasco, total failure
Catastrophe Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
(n.)
The final event in a romance or a dramatic piece; a denouement, as a death in a tragedy, or a marriage in a comedy.
  
(n.)
An event producing a subversion of the order or system of things; a final event, usually of a calamitous or disastrous nature; hence, sudden calamity; great misfortune.
  
(n.)
A violent and widely extended change in the surface of the earth, as, an elevation or subsidence of some part of it, effected by internal causes.
  
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About
hEnglish - advanced version

catastrophe
\ca*tas"tro*phe\ (?), n. [l. catastropha, gr. &?;, fr. &?; to turn up and down, to overturn; kata` down + &?; to turn.]
1. an event producing a subversion of the order or system of things; a final event, usually of a calamitous or disastrous nature; hence, sudden calamity; great misfortune. the strange catastrophe of affairs now at london. burnet. the most horrible and portentous catastrophe that nature ever yet saw.
2. the final event in a romance or a dramatic piece; a denouement, as a death in a tragedy, or a marriage in a comedy.
3. (geol.) a violent and widely extended change in the surface of the earth, as, an elevation or subsidence of some part of it, effected by internal causes.
catastrophe
n
1. an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; "the whole city was affected by the irremediable calamity"; "the earthquake was a disaster" [syn: calamity, disaster, tragedy, cataclysm]


2. a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune; "lack of funds has resulted in a catastrophe for our school system"; "his policies were a disaster" [syn: disaster]


3. a sudden violent change in the earth's surface [syn: cataclysm]



for Vocabulary Exams of KPDS, YDS,UDS (in Turkey); and SAT in America
Any great and sudden misfortune or calamity.
English Phonetics

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WordNet 2.0

Noun
1. an event resulting in great loss and misfortune; "the whole city was affected by the irremediable calamity"; "the earthquake was a disaster"
(synonym) calamity, disaster, tragedy, cataclysm
(hypernym) misfortune, bad luck
(hyponym) act of God, force majeure, vis major, inevitable accident, unavoidable casualty
2. a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune; "lack of funds has resulted in a catastrophe for our school system"; "his policies were a disaster"
(synonym) disaster
(hypernym) adversity, hardship, hard knocks
3. a sudden violent change in the earth's surface
(synonym) cataclysm
(hypernym) geological phenomenon
(hyponym) nuclear winter
Catastrophe Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia
Catastrophe or catastrophic comes from the Greek κατά (kata) = down; στροφή (strophē) = turning. It may refer to:
A general or specific event
  • Disaster 
  • Aral Sea catastrophe or Aral Sea crisis, the environmental, economic, health, social, and other disruptions caused by Soviet diversion of rivers into the Aral Sea
  • The (Asia Minor) Catastrophe, a Greek name for the 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey
  • Blue sky catastrophe, a type of bifurcation of a periodic orbit, where the orbit vanishes into the blue sky
  • Catastrophic failure, complete failure of a system from which recovery is impossible (e.g. a bridge collapses)
  • Climatic catastrophe, forced transition of climate system to a new climate state at a rate which is more rapid than the rate of change of the external forcing
  • Collapse of societies and cultures
  • Cosmic catastrophe, thought experiment about what would happen if the sun were to suddenly disappear
  • Ecological catastrophe, a disaster to the natural environment due to human activity
  • Error catastrophe, extinction of an organism as a result of excessive mutations
  • Garbage catastrophe, a theory that the process of aging may derive from imperfect clearance of oxidatively damaged, relatively indigestible material
  • Impending climatic catastrophe, conjectured runaway climate change resulting from a rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system
  • Infrared catastrophe or infrared divergence is a situation in particle physics in which a particular integral diverges
  • Iron catastrophe, runaway melting of early earth's interior as a result of potential energy release from sinking iron and nickel melted by heat of radioactive decay
  • Late Bronze Age collapse
  • Malthusian catastrophe, prediction of a forced return to subsistence-level conditions once population growth has outpaced agricultural production
  • Mitotic catastrophe, an event in which a cell is destroyed during mitosis
  • The Nakba, the 1948 expulsion of Palestinians from their homes
  • Nedelin catastrophe or Nedelin disaster, launch pad accident at Baikonur test range of Baikonur Cosmodrome
  • Oxygen catastrophe, the biologically induced appearance of dioxygen (O2) in Earth's atmosphere
  • Runaway climate change or Climatic catastrophe, hypothesized runaway global warming when a tipping point is exceeded
  • Toba catastrophe hypothesis, hypothesis that the Toba supervolcanic eruption caused a global volcanic winter and 1,000-year-long cooling episode
  • Ultraviolet catastrophe, the prediction by classical physics that a black body will emit radiation at infinite power
  • Vacuum catastrophe, the discrepancy between theoretical and measured vacuum energy density in cosmology
  • Volcanic catastrophe, the predicted global climatic disruptions caused by a supervolcanic eruption

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Catastrophe Definition from Entertainment & Music Dictionaries & Glossaries
English - Klingon
n. lot