Definition of Afghanistan
n : a mountainous landlocked country in central asia; bordered by iran to the west and russia to the north and pakistan to the east and south; "soviet troops invaded afghanistan in 1979" [syn: afghanistan, islamic state of afghanistan ]
islamic state of afghanistan
1. a mountainous landlocked country in central Asia; bordered by Iran to the west and Russia to the north and Pakistan to the east and south; "Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan in 1979"
(synonym) Islamic State of Afghanistan
(hypernym) Asian country, Asian nation
(member-meronym) Afghan, Afghanistani
(class) al-Qaeda, Qaeda, al-Qa'ida, al-Qaida, Base
Flag of Afghanistan
Afghanistan's recent history is a story of war and civil unrest. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979, but was forced to withdraw 10 years later by anti-Communist mujahidin forces. The Communist regime in Kabul collapsed in 1992. Fighting that subsequently erupted among the various mujahidin factions eventually helped to spawn the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that fought to end the warlordism and civil war that gripped the country. The Taliban seized Kabul in 1996 and were able to capture most of the country outside of Northern Alliance strongholds primarily in the northeast. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, a US, Allied, and Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. In late 2001, a conference in Bonn, Germany, established a process for political reconstruction that ultimately resulted in the adoption of a new constitution and presidential election in 2004. On 9 October 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan. The new Afghan government's next task is to hold National Assembly elections, tentatively scheduled for April 2005.
Map of Afghanistan
More about Afghanistan:
AF (ISO 3166),
AFG (ISO 3166),
AF (FIPS 10-4)
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