Theological and Philosophical Biography and Dictionary
In metaphysics , the highest or most all-encompassing reality i.e., the Unconditioned, God, Unmoved Mover, World ground, Being, the Good, Logos, One, Substance, in Chinese thought Tao (Way), in Indian thought Brahman.
[A35/B52] Kant refers to absolute reality and knowledge, in contrast with empirical reality and empirical knowledge. To say that space and time are transcendentally ideal is to deny that they have absolute reality. To have absolute knowledge would be to know something about a thing in itself, not an appearance or object of sensible intuition.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.
Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful.
Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. See Ablative absolute, under Ablative.
Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; absolute power; an absolute monarch.
Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as, absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About
hEnglish - advanced version
\ab"so*lute\ (&?;), a. [l. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. f. absolu. see absolve.]
1. loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; absolute power; an absolute monarch.
2. complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as, absolute perfection; absolute beauty. so absolute she seems, and in herself complete.
3. viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
note: absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations.
4. loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
note: in this sense god is called the absolute by the theist. the term is also applied by the pantheist to the universe, or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their laws.
5. capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
note: it is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined, can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect. to cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute. w. hamilton.
6. positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [r.] i am absolute 't was very cloten.
7. authoritative; peremptory. [r.] the peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head, with absolute forefinger, brown and ringed. browning.
8. (chem.) pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
9. (gram.) not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. see ablative absolute, under ablative.
curvature (geom.), that curvature of a curve of double curvature, which is measured in the osculating plane of the curve.
equation (astron.), the sum of the optic and eccentric equations.
space (physics), space considered without relation to material limits or objects.
terms. (alg.), such as are known, or which do not contain the unknown quantity.
temperature (physics), the temperature as measured on a scale determined by certain general thermo-dynamic principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero.
zero (physics), the be ginning, or zero point, in the scale of absolute temperature. it is equivalent to -273° centigrade or -459.4° fahrenheit.
The Phrase Finder
Lord Acton, in a letter to Bishop Mandell Creighton, 1887. 'Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men'.
Lord Acton, in a letter to Bishop Mandell Creighton, 1887. 'Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men.'
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The Devil's Dictionary
Independent, irresponsible. An absolute monarchy is one in which the sovereign does as he pleases so long as he pleases the assassins. Not many absolute monarchies are left, most of them having been replaced by limited monarchies, where the sovereign's power for evil (and for good) is greatly curtailed, and by republics, which are governed by chance.
The Devil's Dictionary, by Ambrose Bierce, 1911 (About
positive, certain Complete
1. something that is conceived to be absolute; something that does not depends on anything else and is beyond human control; "no mortal being can influence the absolute"
(hypernym) abstraction, abstract
1. perfect or complete or pure; "absolute loyalty"; "absolute silence"; "absolute truth"; "absolute alcohol"
(similar) implicit, unquestioning
2. complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers; "absolute freedom"; "an absolute dimwit"; "a downright lie"; "out-and-out mayhem"; "an out-and-out lie"; "a rank outsider"; "many right-down vices"; "got the job through sheer persistence"; "sheer stupidity"
(synonym) downright, out-and-out(a), rank(a), right-down, sheer(a)
3. not limited by law; "an absolute monarch"
4. expressing finality with no implication of possible change; "an absolute (or unequivocal) quarantee to respect the nation's authority"; "inability to make a conclusive (or unequivocal) refusal"
(similar) unequivocal, univocal, unambiguous
5. without conditions or limitations; "a total ban"
(synonym) total, unconditioned
6. not capable of being violated or infringed; "infrangible human rights"
(synonym) infrangible, inviolable
(similar) inalienable, unalienable
- Method in interface java.sql.ResultSet
public boolean absolute (int row) throws SQLException
JDBC 2.0 Moves the cursor to the given row number in the result set. If the row number is positive, the cursor moves to the given row number with respect to the beginning of the result set. The first row is row 1, the second is row 2, and so on. If the given row number is negative, the cursor moves to an absolute row position with respect to the end of the result set. For example, calling absolute(-1) positions the cursor on the last row, absolute(-2) indicates the next-to-last row, and so on. An attempt to position the cursor beyond the first/last row in the result set leaves the cursor before/after the first/last row, respectively. Note: Calling absolute(1) is the same as calling first(). Calling absolute(-1) is the same as calling last().Returns: true if the cursor is on the result set; false otherwiseThrows: SQLException - if a database access error occurs or row is 0, or result set type is TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY.
Absolute [from Latin ab away + solvere to loosen, dissolve] Freed, released, absolved; parallel to the Sanskrit moksha, mukti (set free, released), also to the Buddhist nirvana (blown out), all three terms signifying one who has obtained freedom from the cycle of material existence.
Absolute, in European philosophy, is used somewhat loosely for the unconditional or boundless infinitude. On the other hand, Sir W. Hamilton (Disc 13n) considers the Absolute as "diametrically opposed to, . . . contradictory of, the Infinite," which is correct from the standpoint of both etymology and abstract philosophy. Blavatsky uses the term both ways: sometimes equating it with infinity, at other times with the first cause or one divine substance-principle.
Strictly speaking, absolute is a relative term. It is the philosophic One or cosmic originant, but not the mystic zero or infinitude. An absolute or a cosmic freed one is not That (infinity), for infinity has no attributes: it is neither absolute nor nonabsolute, conscious nor unconscious, because all attributes and qualities belong to manifested and therefore noninfinite beings and things (cf FSO 89-90). The boundless or infinite, in which exist innumerable absolutes, includes the cognizer, the cognized, and the cognition, and is both matter and spirit, subject and object; all egos and non-egos are included within it.
to be continue "Absolute2 "